The human body comprises a large network of veins underlying the skin. Veins perform a crucial blood circulatory function in the body. Unfortunately, vein-related conditions such as spider and varicose veins undermine blood circulation, necessitating timely interventions. For example, spider veins entail small blood vessels dilating and appearing pronounced on a person's skin. Varicose veins are larger than spider veins and often manifest as swollen blood vessels with twists and turns. These venous diseases are caused by multiple factors, including sitting for extended periods, genetic predisposition, and obesity. The condition may also be caused by pregnancy, where the fetus' weight exerts undue pressure on the veins. Sclerotherapy treatment used for varicose veins is largely for cosmetic purposes because people do not usually experience significant health complications from developing varicose veins. Patients with varicose veins should consult sclerotherapy services for assistance in treating visible and dilated veins. Below is a discussion of the sclerotherapy treatment procedure.

#1: Diagnosis and Assessment

The first step in the sclerotherapy treatment procedure involves consulting a medical practitioner for diagnosis and assessment. Practitioners assess patients to determine their suitability for treatment. This is crucial because some people are not viable candidates for sclerotherapy. For instance, expectant mothers and women on birth control pills are not supposed to undergo the procedure. The consultation also allows the doctor to establish whether the patient has any existing medical conditions such as acute blood-clotting disease that disqualify them from sclerotherapy treatment. Furthermore, diagnosis and assessment allow the doctor to determine how soon sclerotherapy treatment should start.

#2: Sclerotherapy Treatment

Sclerotherapy treatment is not complicated. Usually, the doctors determine how many sclerotherapy treatments are necessary depending on numerous factors such as the vein's size. First, the doctor locates the damaged veins. Sclerotherapy services usually have ultrasounds to help detect damaged veins located deep below the skin. The ultrasound enables the doctor to isolate and clean the damaged vein's surroundings. The doctor then carefully injects a sclerosing agent into the damaged veins causing the walls to close. Closing the damaged veins' walls pushes blood to the healthy veins, reducing the swelling. This triggers the walls to dilate, causing the varicose veins to disappear along with the discomfort. 

#3: Post-Treatment Care

Sclerotherapy treatment is minimally invasive with a short recovery period. Thus, people can resume most of their daily activities after receiving sclerotherapy treatment. However, the doctors usually take time to advise patients on safe practices during the recovery period. For example, doctors advise patients to stay active and use compression socks to help blood flow until the veins heal completely. Such measures foster timely recovery, allowing patients to resume the usual routines as soon as possible.

For sclerotherapy services, contact a doctor near you.